When we think about the effects of chronic stress, we think of cortisol. We think of weight gain, especially around the middle. We think of headaches and depression and anxiety. We think of poor sleep quality. Those of us who are very knowledgeable about health and nutrition think of increased cardiovascular disease risk.
Not many of us think about PMS, low libido, heavy or irregular periods, or amenorrhea. Or how disruption in sex hormone levels can lead to low thyroid function and osteoporosis. Or infertility. But those are also consequences of chronic stress for women.